This may quite possibly become a series featuring different case studies from songs around the world. For the moment, I will focus on what I know! Pennycook: maintains that “we perform who we are by (amongst other things) using varieties of language.”  The language an individual chooses to use can contribute to defining their identity. As identified by Butler (1997), performativity through language choice helps to bring one’s interior identity to the surface. Taking Butler’s approach and reconciling it with Pennycook’s (2003) investigations into international hip-hop culture demonstrates how language allows individuals to construct their self. Specifically, Pennycook explores the usage of English in Japanese hip-hop and what this says about the identities of the artists, as well as the broader implications of English…